Understanding favicon

What is a favicon?

A favicon (short for “favorites icon”) is a small image associated with a website intended to be used when you bookmark a page. Web browsers also use them in the URL bar, on tabs, etc to help the users identify a website. It is typically a 16×16 pixels square icon which is saved as favicon.ico in the root directory of the website’s server.
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PHP 5.5 Password Hashing API

Most of the applications or websites today have a user registration system which requires storing usernames, passwords etc. A developer of the application should always store passwords securely and never in plain text. There are many methods to encrypt or hash passwords and store in the database but which method to use? The methods that are currently used are hashing password using algorithms like MD5(), SHA1(), BCRYPT.

MD5() and SHA1() methods are now considered weak. BCRYPT is currently considered the best algorithm to use for password hashing. However, correctly implementing it can be difficult (prior to PHP 5.5). In PHP 5.5 there is a new Password Hashing API which can be used very easily for hashing the passwords using BCRYPT algorithm.
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Encryption using PHP and OpenSSL

In this post we will see how to encrypt and decrypt data using PHP OpenSSL. We will be using asymmetric (public/private key) encryption. In this encryption a user generates a pair of public / private keys and gives the public key to anyone who wants to send the data. The sender of the data will encrypt the data using the public key of the receiver. The receiver will then unencrypt the received data using his own private key. The data encrypted using the public key can only be decrypted using the corresponding private key.
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How to generate passwords for .htpasswd using PHP

In my earlier post about .htaccess I had described about authentication using .htaccess and command to generate .htpasswd file. However, when we want to add passwords for many users that method will take too long, since we will have to add passwords for each user one at a time. However, there is an easier way to generate the .htpasswd file using PHP. In this post I will show the different algorithms which can be used to generate the .htpasswd file.
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How to create Triangles using CSS

Many times we come across cases where we want to have triangles, arrows or simple shapes on a site. Usually we use images to add arrows or triangles. However, this can be easily achieved by just using CSS and no need of images at all. In this post we will see how to easily we can create triangles and a few other designs using CSS.

The borders in a browser are drawn at angles, so we can use this technique to create triangle. To create a triangle we will set the border-width value for the side in which we need the arrow. Then, we will set that side’s border color and make all other sides transparent. Also, we set the width and height of the element to 0.
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